Juvenile Justice in Global Perspective, Edited by Franklin E. Zimring, Maximo Langer & David S. Tanenhaus, New York UPress '15, $49, 434 pages, ASIN #1479826537. Index, contributors, references, notes, b&w images sprinkled through text.
"Juvenile courts are both a very recent legal invention and an almost ubiquitous presence in modern nations," write the editors at the outset of this consequential volume, which analyses juvenile justice systems throughout the world.
"The first juvenile court was established by statute in Illinois in 1899 and quickly spread to other American states and to a number of other nations. Both the jurisdictional features and policy ambitions of the Illinois juvenile court were widely emulated in the systems that were established worldwide in the first half of the 20th century. And there is one important feature of every juvenile court's delinquency jurisdiction that complicates the task of creating a comparative law of juvenile courts.
"When juvenile courts are introduced in a legal system, they remove a segment of young offenders that had been traditionally the responsibility of criminal courts. So every juvenile court becomes part of a dual legal system of responding to criminal offenses -- a juvenile court for young offenders and a criminal court for adult offenders.
"One critical dimension of every nation's juvenile court system is the differences in outcome, process and philosophy between juvenile and criminal courts. This means that the comparative law of juvenile justice is best regarded as a process of double comparison in which juvenile justice systems are compared both to the juvenile systems of other places and to the criminal courts that they coexist with."
About the editors:
Franklin E. Zimring is William G. Simon Professor of Law at the University of California, Berkeley, School of Law. He is the author of several books, most recently The City That Became Safe: New York's Lessons for Urban Crime and Its Control (2012). Maximo Langer is Professor of Law at UCLA, author of numerous articles and book chapters on comparative and international criminal justice, and co-editor of Crime, Procedure and Evidence in a Comparative and International Context (2008). David S. Tanenhaus is Professor of History and James E. Rogers Professor of History and Law at the William S. Boyd School of Law, University of Nevada, Las Vegas.; He is the author of The Constitutional Rights of Children: In re Gault and Juvenile Justice (2011).
Contraband -- Smuggling and the Birth of the American Century by Andrew Wender Cohen, Norton '15, stated First Edition, First Printing, $27.95, 402 pages, ASIN #0393065332. Index, notes, b&w images sprinkled through text.
From the dust jacket:
"In the frigid winter of 1875, Charles L. Lawrence made international headlines when he was arrested for smuggling silk worth $60 million into the United States," writes historian Andrew Wender Cohen in his provocative new book. 'An intimate of Boss Tweed, gloriously dubbed 'The Prince of Smugglers,' and the head of a network spanning four continents and lasting half a decade, Lawrence scandalized a nation whose founders themselves had once dabbled in contraband.
"Since the Revolution itself, smuggling had tested the patriotism of the American people. Distrusting foreign goods, Congress instituted high tariffs on most imports. Protecting the nation was the custom house, which waged a 'war on smuggling,' inspecting every traveler for illicitly important silk, opium, tobacco, sugar, diamonds and art.
"The Civil War's blockade of the Confederacy heightened the obsession with contraband, but smuggling entered its prime during the Gilded Age, when characters like assassin Louis Bieral, economist 'The Parsee Merchant,' Congressman Ben Butler, and actress Rose Eytinge tempted consumers with illicit foreign luxuries. Only as the United States became a global power with World War I did smuggling lose its scurvy romance."
Author Andrew Wender Cohen is associate professor of history at Syracuse University. He lives with his family in central New York.
Deathwatch -- American Film, Technology, and The End of Life by C. Scott Combs, Columbia UPress '15 paperback. 276 pages, ASIN #0231163479. Index, bibliography, notes, b&w images sprinkled through text.
From the back cover:
"The first book to analyze American cinema's long history of representing death on screen, Deathwatch considers movie sequences in which the process of dying becomes an exercise in legibility and exploration for the camera. Through readings of attractions-based cinema, narrative films, early sound cinema, and films using voice-over or images of medical technology, C. Scott Combs connects the slow or static process of dying to formal film innovation throughout the 20th century.
"He looks at Thomas Edison's Electrocuting an Elephant (1903), D.W. Griffith's The Country Doctor (1909), John Ford's How Green was My Valley (1941), Billy Wilder's Sunset Boulevard (1950), Stanley Kubrick's 2001: A Space Odyssey (1968), and Clint Eastwood's Mllion Dollar Baby (2004), among other films, to argue against the notion that film cannot capture the end of life. Instead, he shows how the act of dying in film occurs more than once and in more than one place, understanding death in cinema as constantly in flux, wedged between technological precision and embodied perception."
Author C. Scott Combs is associate professor of English at St. John's University in New York City.